Types of Indian Embroideries


India is a diversified place having diversified selection of cultures and customs. The Indian artwork and craft have grow to be world well-known. There is big demand of Indian embroidered garments. There is large assortment of embroideries finished in India, below are couple of of them which have got much more fame in conditions of reputation in worldwide industry : –

Zardozi embroidery

Zardozi get the job done is an historical kind of embroidery generally accomplished with gold or silver zari threads. It is also acknowledged as metallic embroidery. Although now-a-times it is also done with coloured steel threads. The term ‘Zardozi’ is derived by combining two words and phrases Zar and Dozi which in Persian language suggests gold and embroidery respectively. Hence it is crystal clear that this art of embroidery was originated in Persia which was purchased to India by Moghuls. Originally it was carried out with authentic metal threads of gold and silver. It was completed on clothes for the abundant and royal, wall hangings, bedsheets, and many others. In among the application of pearls and important stones appears to be like gorgeous on it. Fundamentally it is carried out on silk, crepe, brocade and velvet materials. Zardozi embroidery observed its decline throughout the reign of Aurangzeb. It was revived immediately after the independence.

Zardozi perform is an extension of zari embroidery which is done with crochet hook. The embroidery finished presents the overall look of chain sew. The factors needed for executing zardozi are beads, dabka, coiled wires, sequins, and many others.

As zardozi is completed with coiled steel wires studded with stones, beads, and so forth is major in bodyweight thus is performed on materials that are thick and large like silk, velvet, stain, crepe, and so on. Thus the selection of fabrics is also royal and highly-priced. The style and design to be performed is initially traced on the material, then it is unfold on the wood frame. Even further the embroidery is completed by picking up one thread in the needle and stitching it into the cloth. This artwork necessitates tolerance and is rather complicated. Expertise is demanded to do it appropriately.

Earlier zardozi was completed on wearable clothes and bedspreads primarily for royal families. But now it has obtained into the arrive at of prevalent people also. Dresses with zardozi are an integral element for any marriage ceremony or essential features as it depicts royalty. Aside from wearable clothes, zardozi is also performed on cushion addresses, table cloths, wall hangings, material purses, and many others. This embroidery is a highly-priced affair.

Mirror Embroidery

Mirror embroidery is the specialty of Gujarat point out. This function also originated in Persia during 13th century. Mirror work is in no way performed alone, it is normally in blend with other types of stitches or embroideries. This embroidery is accomplished with both of those substantial and compact mirrors. Basically it was much more used by Jats group. It is embroidered working with colourful threads like crimson, eco-friendly, blue, yellow, black, maroon, etcetera.

This artwork apart from Gujarat point out is also practiced in neighboring state of Rajasthan and in appliqué artwork of Orissa. A lot of unique varieties of stitches like cross sew, buttonhole stitch and satin stitch are utilised in its mix. This art is normally performed by the support of equipment embroidery, but in some areas it is nonetheless completed via hand function which is far more time consuming and a high-priced affair in comparison to the former method. The mirrors utilised are of unique designs and sizes like round form, diamond shape, sq. form, etcetera. Even so spherical shape is the most frequent shape of mirrors applied in this kind of embroidery.

Mirror get the job done is done on various fabrics and types of garments. Aside from ethnic clothes it is crafted even on indo western clothing. It has enormous need in western countries. Mirror operate is carried out on cushion addresses, purses, bedsheets, curtains, wearable garments, wall hangings, attractive objects, laces, and so forth. This embroidery has also observed the limelight of international ramp exhibits as well.

Kantha Embroidery

Kantha is the traditional sort of embroidery of West Bengal. It is running design of sew. The embroidery is carried out on lots of layers of cloth. It is done on quilts, bedsheets, blankets, saris, salwar fits, stoles, napkins, and so on.

It is also recognised as ‘Dorukha’. This word means producing worn out clothes into stunning clothes. As a result it is also acknowledged as recycling artwork. In earlier periods the worn out silk or muslin dresses where by employed to be put in piles and stitched collectively. It is considered that its day of origin lies through the era of Lord Buddha. They employed to drape by themselves with rags of outfits that have been stitched collectively.

The artists usually embroidery photographs of human beings, animals, flowers, geometric designs and mythological figures. Frequently the worker selects the determine of embroidery to which they relate to. There are various forms of kantha performed- Sujani kantha, Durjani kantha, Lep kantha, Archilata kantha, Rumal kantha and Oaar kantha.

Various types of styles like jaal, folk daily life models, dhan chori, and many others are done in kantha embroidery. The rural women of West Bengal generally do it on cotton saris with thread taken from the borders of the sari and done all in excess of.

Chikankari Embroidery

The state of Uttar Pradesh specifically the metropolis of Lucknow is considered to be the hub of Chikankari embroidery. Chikankari is derived from the phrase Chakeen that signifies exquisite styles on the cloth which is a Persian phrase. Before it was completed with white thread on muslin clothing. On the other hand now it is been carried out on different kinds of materials like cotton, linen nylon, georgette, chiffon and synthetic materials. Apart from wearable garments it is also accomplished on many other factors like curtains, bedsheets, desk cloths, pillow covers and cushion covers.

In contrast to earlier moments it is not only finished on white colored cloths but also fabrics of numerous hues. But the thread utilised for the embroidery is generally white. A variety of motifs are embroidered by means of it like floral motifs which incorporate bouquets like rose, lotus, jasmine, creepers, and so forth.

There are a lot of sorts of stitches utilized to make gorgeous chikankari embroidery like chain sew, buttonhole stitch, French knots and operating stitch. The most lovely is the motif getting style and design designed in the kind of net or jhali all about the garment by making thread pressure. Shadow function is also accomplished by chikan embroidery which is finished on the reverse side of the garment.

There are 3 varieties of chikankari stitches

1) Jali get the job done – It is finished in the form of internet layout distribute all over the fabric.

2) Flat stitches – The flat stitches are delicate and pretty high-quality sew. It presents the glance as if the embroidery is alone the texture of the garment.

3) Embossed stitches – This stitch presents beaded form of appear to the garment.

In intercontinental apparel industry also the desire of chikankari embroidered clothes have observed a steep increase. The artisans of Uttar Pradesh make foreign forex for the state. Quite a few significant profile designers intricate this sort of artwork in their collections.


India is quite rich in terms of artwork and crafts for the reason that of various communities and tradition of its people today. The previously mentioned was just a glimpse of 4 the numerous kinds of embroidery artwork present in India. These arts have acclaimed global fame and are in great demand from customers in western nations. Right after independence these arts had been revived by the Indian federal government which enhanced the declining problem of the Indian embroideries. The main guidance came from the Indian govt.

Author: Jacqueline Louise Gagnon